Saad Hariri, the prime minister of Lebanon, resigned amid demonstrations over the struggling economy and poor governance. Some fear his resignation will benefit Hizbullah, the Shia militia-cum-political-party, whose thugs have tried to break up the protests.
Protests resumed in Iraq, where dozens of people were killed by the security forces and other armed groups. In the holy city of Karbala masked gunmen reportedly shot dead 18 people. The protesters are angry about corruption, a lack of jobs and poor services.
Mozambique’s main opposition party asked the courts to annul the result of the recent presidential election, which the incumbent, Filipe Nyusi, won with 73% of the vote. The election has rekindled enmity between the ruling and opposition parties, which signed a peace deal in August.
Boris Johnson, Britain’s prime minister, admitted that he could not “get Brexit done” by October 31st, and called a general election. The EU granted an extension until January 31st. Jeremy Corbyn, the far-left leader of the opposition Labour Party, reversed course and acquiesced to the election. The date was set for December 12th. Voters will not directly be asked whether they approve of Mr Johnson’s hard Brexit deal, which bears little resemblance to what they were promised in the Brexit referendum in 2016.
英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊承认，他无法在10月31日前“完成脱欧”，并呼吁举行大选。欧盟同意将期限延长至1月31日。反对党工党(Labour Party)的极左领袖杰里米·科尔宾(Jeremy Corbyn)一改常态，默许了这次大选。日期定在12月12日。选民不会直接被问及是否支持约翰逊的“硬退欧”协议，该协议与他们在2016年英国退欧公投中得到的承诺几乎没有相似之处。
America’s House of Representatives voted to recognise the mass slaughter of Armenians by Turks during the first world war as genocide. The vote took place on Turkey’s national day. US-Turkish relations, already strained by Turkey’s invasion of northern Syria, grew more so.
Die Linke, a German far-left party that descends from the East German Communists, won a state election in Thuringia. The far-right Alternative for Germany came second. Collectively, centrist parties won less than half the vote.
In another upset, Italy’s Northern League led an anti-immigration populist coalition to victory in an election in Umbria, a hitherto solidly left-wing region, defeating an alliance led by the country’s ruling Democratic Party and Five Star Movement.
在另一场混乱选举中，意大利北方联盟领导一个反移民民粹主义联盟在翁布里亚的选举中大获全胜，一举击败由执政的民主党(Democratic Party)和五星运动(Five Star Movement)领导的联盟。翁布里亚是迄今为止立场坚定的左翼地区。
The burning Golden State
Millions of people in northern California were again left without power, as wildfires, whipped up by strong, hot winds, raged around the Bay Area and surrounding counties. The local utility, Pacific Gas & Electric, has imposed the blackouts because of worries that its power lines may spark the flames. The Los Angeles area also battled wildfires.
A ban on most abortions in Alabama was blocked by a federal judge, two weeks before it was due to come into force. That makes it likelier that the Supreme Court will tackle the issue, which is what the ban’s proponents want.
John Kelly, Donald Trump’s former chief of staff, said he had advised him not to employ a “yes man” as his replacement, as that would lead to the president’s impeachment. Mr Trump’s press secretary said Mr Kelly had been “totally unequipped to handle the genius of our great president”.